CONSTED is a leading and pioneering enterprise with the most advanced international level in R&D, manufacturing and selling of large-scale crushing & screening plants , industrial milling equipments and beneficiation plants.

contact info

social networks

Iron Ore Pelletization - FEECO International Inc.

Iron ore must go through a lengthy pre-processing stage before it can be pelletized – a series of steps that work to beneficiate and concentrate low-grade ores. This process varies depending on the ore source, but typically involves various stages of crushing and grinding to reduce the size of the iron ore.

Explain the extraction of zinc from its important ore.

The chief Ore of zinc is zinc blende. The extraction of zinc from zinc blende involves the following steps. Concentration: The ore is crushed and then concentrated by froth-floatation Process. Reduction: Zinc oxide is mixed with powdered coke and heated to 1673k in a fire clay retort in which Z nO is reduced to zinc metal. Z nO+ C →1673K Z n+C O.

Manufacture of Steel - Steel Manufacturing Process and Steps

Jun 06, 2017· The first step in the steel manufacture begins at the blast furnace. To separate iron from iron ore coke (substance when gas is taken out of coal), limestone and dolomite are charged into the blast furnace. Temperature raised to 1600oF. This high temp causes the coke to burn and melt the iron. This red hot iron drained at an opening at the base of the furnace.

Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide Ores

Ores near the surface can be quarried after removal of the surface layers. The ore is treated with dilute sulfuric acid. This trickles slowly through the ore dissolving copper to form copper sulfate. The copper is recovered by electrolytic refining. Advantages of this process are: See for further information on the leaching process.

Processes - extraction, mining, smelting, refining ...

The Bayer process, with various modifications, is the most widely used method for the production of alumina, and all aluminum is produced from alumina using the Hall-Héroult electrolytic process. Refining the ore. There are a number of alkaline, acid, and thermal methods of refining bauxite, clay, or other ores to obtain alumina.

zinc processing | Britannica

zinc processing, the extraction of zinc from its ores and the preparation of zinc metal or chemical compounds for use in various products.. Zinc (Zn) is a metallic element of hexagonal close-packed (hcp) crystal structure and a density of 7.13 grams per cubic centimetre. It has only moderate hardness and can be made ductile and easily worked at temperatures slightly above the ambient.

Processes and Procedures in the Extraction of Iron ...

Feb 15, 2021· The extraction of iron from its ores is quite a technical process. The iron ore is first roasted in air to produce iron(III) oxide which is mixed with coke and limestone and then further heated to a very high temperature in a blast furnace. These materials are loaded into the blast furnace from the top while a blast of hot air is introduced into it from beneath via small pipes known as tuyeres.

Ore genesis - Wikipedia

High-grade gold ore from the Harvard Mine, Jamestown, California, a wide quartz-gold vein in California's Mother Lode. Specimen is 3.2 cm (1.3 in) wide. Various theories of ore genesis explain how the various types of mineral deposits form within the Earth's crust. Ore-genesis theories vary depending on the mineral or commodity examined.

How copper is made - material, used, processing, steps ...

The process of extracting copper from copper ore varies according to the type of ore and the desired purity of the final product. Each process consists of several steps in which unwanted materials are physically or chemically removed, and the concentration of copper is progressively increased.

What is the Process of Metallurgy - A Plus Topper

Dec 03, 2020· In this process the ore is heated very strongly in the absence of air, keeping the temperature below its melting point so that volatile impurities are driven off. Examples: (i) Oxide ores are calcined to remove moisture and other volatile impurities. Al 2 O 3. 2H 2 O → Al 2 O 3 + 2H 2 O (ii) Carbonate ores are calcined to expel carbon dioxide.

Extraction of Metals | CIE IGCSE Chemistry Revision Notes

Raw Materials: Iron Ore (Haematite), Coke, Limestone and Air. Explanation: Iron Ore, Coke and Limestone are mixed together and fed into the top of the blast furnace. Hot air is blasted into the bottom of the blast furnace; Zone 1. Coke is used as the starting material. It is an impure carbon and it burns in the hot air blast to form carbon dioxide.

Uranium Recovery (Extraction) Methods |

Dec 02, 2020· Uranium recovery involves one of the following extraction processes. In a conventional uranium mine and mill, uranium ore is extracted from the Earth, typically through deep underground shafts or shallow open pits. The ore is transported to a mill, where it is crushed and undergoes a chemical process to remove the uranium.

Aluminium Ore: Extraction of Aluminium

The process which gives the ore such a physical form so that the gauge can be easily removed from it, is called dressing of the ore. It is done by hand – picking, grinding etc. Bauxite ore generally contains ferric oxide and silica as impurities. Dressing of bauxite ore is done by crushing and pulverizing.

Metallurgic Processes | Boundless Chemistry

Metal ores are formed in the process of ore genesis, and they are extracted through mining. Extractive metallurgy is the practice of removing valuable metals from an ore and refining the extracted raw metals into a purer form. Hydrometallurgy uses aqueous solutions to extract metals from ores ( leaching ).

Extraction of Gold

The smelting process consists in the formation of an alloy of gold with silver and lead, and is similar to that employed in extracting silver. It is applicable to ores rich in silver, and also to refractory ores containing arsenic and antimony, for which the other processes are unsuitable. Parting of …

Concentration of Ores: Hydraulic Washing, Froth Flotation ...

Concentration of Ores. An ore of a metal is an impure source, this means other than the metal it consists of many other impurities such as sand, grit, clay, rocks etc. These impurities are collectively known as gangue. Gangue is generally commercial valueless and we must separate it from the ore. This entire process is the concentration of ores ...

How Ore Deposits Are Formed?

The enrichment process of these metals follows physical principles that are similar to the extraction of deep geothermal energy by hydraulic fracturing of the rock. Porphyry-type ore deposits rank among the world's most important sources of copper, molybdenum and gold.


Laboratory testing of ores is an important step in the development of a metal-lurgical project. Its main purpose is to study the behaviour of a particular ore in selected process environments and to provide information needed, first, to make a preliminary assessment of the economic feasibility of a proposed project and later,

Extraction Of Iron

May 22, 2009· Ore: A mineral from which metals can be extracted profitably is called a metal ore. Profitable extraction means that the cost of getting the metal out of the ore is sufficiently less than the amount of money made by selling the metal. So All Ores Are Minerals But All Minerals Are Not Ores. The most common metal ores are oxides and sulphides.

How do we extract minerals? -

The primary methods used to extract minerals from the ground are: Underground miningSurface (open pit) miningPlacer mining The location and shape of the deposit, strength of the rock, ore grade, mining costs, and current market price of the commodity are some of the determining factors for selecting which mining method to use.


of water (a process called 'hydraulic mining') are used to extract the ore. Placer mining is usually aimed at removing gold from stream sediments and floodplains. Because placer mining often occurs within a streambed, it is an environmentally-destructive type of mining, releasing large quantities of …

What is Lithium Extraction and How Does It Work?

Jul 31, 2018· The process for recovering lithium from ore can vary based on the specific mineral deposit in question. In general, the process entails removing the mineral material from the earth then heating and pulverizing it. The crushed mineral powder is combined with chemical reactants, ...

What is Ore? - Definition, Types, Uses & Examples - Video ...

Ore deposits are classified based on how they form, whether as a result of an igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary process, or a hydrothermal exposure process. Some metals can form from more than ...

describe the steps involved in extraction of zinc metal ...

Apr 20, 2018· Process of roasting: The next step is the process of roasting the ores of zinc. The concentrated ore is then treated at 9000°C in the presence of excess air, on the base of a reverberatory furnace. This process of heating is called roasting. During this process, zinc oxide is obtained from the zinc sulphide ore.

Extraction Of Metals | Definition, Factors & Occurence

Dec 06, 2019· Liquation: This is used for ores having low melting point then impurities. Extraction of crude metal from ore; Calcination. This process involves heating of substance in limited supply of oxygen. During this process, thermal energy is used to change the chemical nature of the substance [16]. Carbonates are usually converted into oxides by this ...

Extraction of Iron & Concentration of Ore - An Overview

Sep 23, 2019· Concentration of Ore. The extraction of iron begins with concentration through calcination which is a process in a limited supply of oxygen applied to ores to bring thermal decomposition. An ore of a metal is an impure source. It consists of many impurities other than metal such as sand, clay, etc.

Learning Geology: Ore forming processes

Sep 17, 2014· Hydrothermal process is the most common ore forming process. Water is heated by the magma chamber and this water dissolves metals. Metals are dissolved in the water and this solution seeps through cracks, fractures and through permeable rocks until they are precipitated and form a deposit. There are three types of water sources.

explain the term metallurgy what are the steps involved in ...

Oct 29, 2015· The process of removing gangue (earthly impurities) from an ore is known as concentration or dressing of ore. I. Gravity separation (Hydraulic washing): Principle: Separation of Ore and Gangue. Process: The ore is poured over a vibrating sloped table with grooves and a jet of water is allowed to flow over it.

Nickel: smelting, producing-Metalpedia

Flash smelting. Flash smelting (Finnish: Liekkisulatus) is a smelting process for sulfur-containing ores including chalcopyrite. The process was developed by Outokumpu in Finland and first applied at the Harjavalta plant in 1949 for smelting copper ore. It has also been adapted for nickel and lead production.

Open Pit Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Open-pit mining is the process of extracting rock or minerals from the earth through their removal from an open pit or borrow. Figure 8.8. Open-pit mine [16]. Surface mining is usually used to develop coal seams and deposits of many other minerals, but their feasibilities vary with the nature of the body ore.